The Black Mummy of Libya

The Uan Muhuggia Mummy


The mysteries of the ancients has always fascinated us – from the logic-defying Stone Henge to the grand mystery of the Pyramids. The Egyptian mummies were once thought to be the oldest preserved mummies in the world – until the Black Mummy was found in Libya, a mummy so well preserved, it amazed scientists and archaelogists.

Uan Muhuggiag is a place in central libyan Sahara, and the name of the mummy of a small boy found there in 1958 by Professor Fabrizio Mori. The mummy displays a highly sophisticated mummification technique, and at around 5,500 years old is older than any comparable Ancient Egyptian mummy.

The culture that produced the mummy were cattle herders, and occupied much of North Africa, at a time when the Sahara was a savannah. Possible links with later Egyptian culture have also been found, including the representation in rock art of dog-headed human figures (resembling Anubis), and a type of pottery decoration later found in the southern Nile valley.

The mummy is currently on display at the Assaraya Alhamra Museum (gallery 4) in Tripoli.


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