Black in Latin America "Cuba"

African slaves were brought to Cuba for three centuries, and slavery wasn’t abolished until 1886. During those years and beyond, blacks were barred from white schools, neighborhoods, social clubs and other institutions.
Afro-Cubans endured high unemployment rates, and when they found work were relegated to the lowest-paying, most arduous jobs.
Early attempts by blacks to gain recognition were crushed. In one notorious 1912 incident, government troops killed about 3,000 blacks in fighting that erupted after an Afro-Cuban political party was declared illegal.
Just months after taking power in 1959 the revolutionary government outlawed housing and workplace discrimination, banned all-white country and social clubs and, perhaps most significantly, granted free universal access to higher education.
Mr. Castro, signaling the changes, announced that “in the schools white and black children must be together so that later the white man and black man will be in a position to earn their living at the same workplaces.” Cubans of all hues mingle in public and socially, and intermarriage is not unusual. “In that regard, we are further along than the United States,” Ms. Arandia said. “There, blacks and whites generally don’t sit down together. I’ve had African-Americans visit here, and they just don’t understand how this happens.”

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