National Pan-Hellenic Council

National Pan-Hellenic Council
Established 1930
Members 9
Continent North America
Country United States
Headquarters Decatur, Georgia
Organization type Coalition of members

The National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) is a collaborative organization of nine historically African American, international Greek lettered fraternities and sororities. The nine NPHC organizations are sometimes collectively referred to as the “Divine Nine“. The member/partner organizations have not formally adopted nor recommended the use of this term to describe their collaborative grouping. The NPHC was formed as a permanent organization on May 10, 1930 on the campus of Howard University, in Washington, D.C. with Matthew W. Bullock as the active Chairman and B. Beatrix Scott as Vice-Chairman. NPHC was incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois in 1937.

The council promotes interaction through forums, meetings and other mediums for the exchange of information and engages in cooperative programming and initiatives through various activities and functions.

Each constituent member organization determines its own strategic direction and program agenda. Today, the primary purpose and focus of member organizations remains camaraderie and academic excellence for its members and service to the communities they serve. Each promotes community awareness and action through educational, economic, and cultural service activities.


The National Pan-Hellenic Council was established in an age when racial segregation and disenfranchisement plagued African Americans, the rise of each of the black fraternities and sororities that make up the NPHC bore witness to the fact that despite hardships African Americans refused to accede to a status of inferiority.

The organization’s stated purpose and mission in 1930:

Unanimity of thought and action as far as possible in the conduct of Greek letter collegiate fraternities and sororities, and to consider problems of mutual interest to its member organizations.

The founding members of the NPHC were Kappa Alpha Psi, Omega Psi Phi, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta, and Zeta Phi Beta. The council’s membership expanded as Alpha Phi Alpha (1931), Phi Beta Sigma (1931), Sigma Gamma Rho (1937), and Iota Phi Theta (1997) joined this coalition of Black Greek letter organizations (BGLOs). In his book on BGLOs, Lawrence Ross coined the phrase “The Divine Nine” when referring to the coalition.

As required by various campus recognition policies, neither the NPHC, nor its member national or chapter organizations discriminate on the basis of race or religion.

In 1992, the first permanent national office for NPHC was established in Bloomington, Indiana on the campus of Indiana University through the joint cooperation of Indiana University and the National Board of Directors of NPHC.


The members of the National Pan-Hellenic Council are shown below in order of founding.

Member Founded Headquarters Chapters NPHC
Alpha Phi Alpha December 4, 1906 (age 107)
Cornell University
Baltimore, Maryland 750+ 1931
Alpha Kappa Alpha January 15, 1908 (age 106)
Howard University
Chicago, Illinois 950+ 1930
Kappa Alpha Psi January 5, 1911 (age 103)
Indiana University
as Kappa Alpha Nu
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 721 1930
Omega Psi Phi November 17, 1911 (age 102)
Howard University
Decatur, Georgia 750+ 1930
Delta Sigma Theta January 13, 1913 (age 101)
Howard University
Washington, D.C. 950+ 1930
Phi Beta Sigma January 9, 1914 (age 100)
Howard University
Washington, D.C. 740+ 1931
Zeta Phi Beta January 16, 1920 (age 94)
Howard University
Washington, D.C. 800+ 1930
Sigma Gamma Rho November 12, 1922 (age 91)
Butler University
Cary, North Carolina 500+ 1937
Iota Phi Theta September 19, 1963 (age 50)
Morgan State University
Baltimore, Maryland 300+ 1997

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