Report: Half of black students in Maryland attend segregated schools

By Michael Alison Chandler, Thursday, April 18, 1:23 PM

More than half of black students in Maryland attend schools where the vast majority of students are non-white and poor, according to a report released Thursday that documents intensifying segregation patterns in public schools over two decades.Fifty-four percent of black students were enrolled in schools where at least 90 percent of students were racial and ethnic minorities in 2010, up from about a third in 1989.
In Prince George’s County, where white enrollment decreased from 28 to 4 percent in that time, nine of 10 black students attend a school where at least 90 percent of students are minorities, and nearly four of 10 students go to what the report calls “apartheid schools” where 99 percent of students are minorities.
“We are seeing a lot of racial change…and not much effort to do anything about it,” said Gary Orfield, co-director of the Civil Rights Project, based at the University of California at Los Angeles, that published the report.

According to the report, schools with high concentrations of minority students tend to be disproportionately poor and have fewer experienced teachers, inferior facilities, less-challenging classes, and less success in promoting college attendance.
The analysis of federal data is the second in a series of 12 reports examining school segregation in the eastern United States more than a half-century after the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision made school segregation illegal. The first report focused on Virginia, which found fewer schools with high concentrations of minority or poor students.
Maryland schools are becoming less diverse even as the state grows more multiracial. The share of white students in Maryland schools decreased from 62 to 43 percent from 1989 to 2010. While African American students remained about a third of enrollment, the proportion of Latino students grew from 2 to 12 percent.
By 2010, 37 percent of Latino students were attending what the report calls “intensely segregated schools” where more than 90 percent of students are minorities.
In Montgomery County, where white enrollment decreased from nearly two-thirds to almost a third of enrollment by 2010, about one in four Latino or African American students is enrolled in an intensely segregated school.
Prince George’s County, along with the city of Baltimore, had the highest concentration of minorities in public schools, the report found.
A generation ago, Prince George’s County was “the center of the largest black suburban migration in the country,” Orfield said. “Now it’s thoroughly re-segregated.”
The county continues to grow and attract black and increasingly Latino families but many white families have left or opted for private schools, the report found.
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