Tabiry
Queen consort of Nubia and Egypt
Main King's Wife, The Great One of the Foreign Country, etc
Burial
Pyramid Ku53 in Kuru, Nubia
SpousePharaoh Piye
Issueunknown
Names
Tabiry
Dynasty25th Dynasty of Egypt
FatherAlara of Nubia
MotherKasaqa

Tabiry was a Nubian queen dated to the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt.[1]

Biography

tAbirii
Tabiry
Era: New Kingdom
(1550–1069 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs

Tabiry was the daughter of Alara of Nubia and his wife Kasaqa and the wife of King Piye. She held some interesting titles: Main King’s Wife, first of her majesty (hmt niswt 'at tpit n hm.f) (the only other queen to hold the Main King's Wife title was Nefertiti) and “The Great One of the Foreign Country” (ta-aat-khesut). She also holds the more standard titles of King's Wife (hmt niswt), King's Daughter (s3t niswt), and King's Sister (snt niswt).[2]

Tabiry was buried in a pyramid at El-Kurru (K.53). A carved granite funerary stela found in her tomb mentions she is the daughter of Alara of Nubia and the wife of Piye. The stela is now in Khartoum.[1][2] The stela gives Tabiry further titles. Reisner had initially translated one of her titles as 'the great chieftainess of the Temehu' (southern Libyans), and concluded that the royal house of Kush was somehow related to the Libyans.[3] Others have since shown that her title should be read as "Great One (or 'Chieftainess') of the Desert-dwellers", showing her title connects her to the Nubians.[4]

A blue faience ushabti of Tabiry is now in the Petrie Museum in London (UC13220).[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.234-240
  2. ^ a b Grajetski, Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary, Golden House Publications. p.88
  3. ^ Reisner, The Royal Family of Ethiopia, Museum of Fine Arts Bulletin, Vol. 19, No. 112/113 (Jun., 1921), pp. 21-38
  4. ^ D. M. Dixon, The Origin of the Kingdom of Kush (Napata-Meroë), The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 50 (Dec., 1964), pp. 121-132
  5. ^ Shabti UC13220 on the Petrie Museum website